The highlight of the renovated hospital will undoubtedly be the atrium. It will be the focal point of the impressive entrance hall and will have all the energy-efficient, insulating and aesthetic qualities of BIPV. A southfacing 45-degree slope uses solar energy as efficiently as possible.
The construction of the facade was preceded by an extensive study. The structure should not just have the capacity to support the photovoltaic cells; it also needs to include the required connections for the panels. Attention was also paid to ensure it is fire-resistant and maintenance-friendly. A movable cleaning installation was initially considered for the glass surface but, after consultation between Sapa Building System, the architects and the contractors, a different solution was developed and a self-cleaning facade surface with a draining system that rinses away any settled dust was installed.
The photovoltaic cells were incorporated in between two plates of safety glass. These pre-assembled modules – which are 120x240 cm in size – are connected by aluminium frame sections with built-in thermal breaks and integrated connectors to transport the generated electric energy.
Sapa also researched the support capacity of the aluminium frame and the integration of the connection points. Particularly any bending of the frame is critical. The modules with the photovoltaic cells are very heavy. Even the slightest bending of the frame can damage them or jeopardise their operation. Needless to say that keeping the construction wind and waterproof was an absolute condition in the specifications. The entire construction was developed and tested for this project especially and resulted in exterior vertical cover panels and special rubber elements. Various test set-ups were tried at the Sapa Building System testing center and the best solutions were used.
The solar energy is fed into the hospital's electrical network, for which green power certificates are received. The annual capacity is 31,122 kWh. Every square metre produces 100 W and the total net surface area of the photovoltaic cells is 500 m2.